by Jack Bates

PART 10 — 1995 to 2017


March 1, 2017

The historical former Work Point Barracks Guardhouse, the landmark entrance point to the barracks since 1890-1891, will have a new role in 2017. It will be the gatehouse office and store for the “Salish Seaside RV Haven” to be administered by Xhamasung Holdings LLP, owners of the building since 2005 when it was purchased “fee simple” from Transport Canada. The 2483 Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry Cadet Corps, tenants in the guardhouse since 2011, has been evicted and is looking for a new operational headquarters in the Esquimalt area which suits the historical and current demographics of this cadet unit, and the numerous previous army cadet corps dating back to 1947, first located within Work Point Barracks.

Having said that, my interests in the historical building since I “adopted” it in 2009 to preserve it from further depreciation and dis - repair, has resulted in brokering the tenancy of the cadet corps, provision of a new water service, co-ordinated municipal fire and services, new locks, new roofing with bird spikes, exterior painting (back to original), added attic insulation, upgraded interior fire protection and emergency lighting while doing general building maintenance inside and outside including the grounds with a rebuild of the back stairs. I also acted as a liaison on behalf of the owners for movie makers visits and dealt with an ICBC claim and repairs for them in 2015. Overall this has been a very rewarding venture as a “stakeholder” in the guardhouse and also purposeful by extending the useful life of the building through occupation by the cadet corps as their headquarters close to Work Point and its facilities. To this end I initiated the above projects and provided all the administration and maintenance resources while the owner provided the funds for the improvements. Since 2010 its address is 445 Head Street within the Township of Esquimalt; drop by and see the historical and unique features of this 1891 building.

Guardhouse - 2010 - before the PPCLI cadet era
Guardhouse - 2016 - after five years

The building is listed on the Esquimalt Community Heritage Register, approved June 20, 2011 with a Statement of Significance, and is now listed on the Canadian Register (Canada’s Historic Places) since January 12, 2017.

Registered Buildings and Sites

Historic Place 1
Historic Place 2
Historic Place 3

Previously when the Guardhouse was in the Federal inventory (DND and Transport Canada) it was FHBRO “Recognized” but forfeited that official designation when sold in 2005 to Xhamasung. However, within the terms of the sale, there was a clause included regarding heritage protection. This was ARTICLE 6 – HERITAGE ... Section 6.01 Heritage. It reads as follows: “The Purchaser agrees and covenants to protect the heritage value and character defined in the elements of the BUILDING 1001 (Guardhouse) as described in the Federal Heritage Building Review Office, Heritage Character Statement, attached hereto as Appendix E”.

“Guardhouse – Appendix E – FHBRO Heritage Character Statement”
PDF files Appendix E-1 and Appendix E-2

This Guardhouse is one of only three within Canada with this historical reference. Also at the time of the sale, Transport Canada, who had jurisdiction at the time, prepared a precise 260 page “Heritage Record Report” covering the building. This report included floor plans, exterior and interior drawings, structural details, descriptions and photographs as required by Treasury Board Heritage Policy to record the state of the building at the time of sale. This detailed report is designed to protect the integrity of the historical aspects of the building.

Hopefully the heritage references above, and the integrity of the building as it stands now, will be respected and adhered to in the future as it represents a theme in Canadian Defence history relating to the Coastal Defence of the Victoria-Esquimalt area of southwest British Columbia. See the FHBRO Building Report 89-205 for the evolution and history of Work Point Barracks including individual building reports in “1989” of this web site.

Guardhouse Classic Historic Front View - December 2016

March 27, 2017


The Canadian delegation will be housed at Work Point for the duration of the camp April 3 to 8.

Team Canada athletes, 90 in all, will be housed in Work Point barracks for the duration of their stay in preparation for the games. These games are an international competition for ill or injured and former military members, to be held in Toronto September 23 to 30. The “Soldier On” program, committed to supporting veterans and serving members with a permanent physical or mental health illness / injury, is organizing the Canadian team. Please visit the web site www.soldieron.ca for more information.

Marilyn Day
April 24, 2017

Sent to Sister Marilyn from a friend this video has a family story. Our grandmother Kate and her sister Fannie, as 19 year old girls living on Simcoe Street in James Bay at the time, intended on visiting Macaulay Plains in Esquimalt that May day in 1896 to see the popular Sham Battle. They missed the street car and the tragedy that followed, a lucky thing for all of us.

Click here to view video.

May 6, 2017

On 6 May the Victoria branch of the PPCLI Association with the support of Regimental Headquarters and the National Association presented a plaque to St. Paul’s Naval and Garrison church to commemorate that the PPCLI Colours were laid up there from 1959 to 1991. It was also part of the church’s 150th Anniversary celebrations. The colours were moved to the Museum of the Regiments in 1991. The plaque was presented by Col (Ret’d) Dick Macintosh who was the Regimental Colour Officer in 1959 when they were laid up and is now mounted on the back wall of the church adjacent to three other PPCLI plaques.

May 12, 2017

George Wilkinson, who had attained the age of 99, passed away peacefully today. He was a person whom I came to know and respect very much. He also had the most remarkable memory and recall of any man I have ever know, even down to regimental numbers and nick names of men who he served with in B Company of PPCLI at Work Point Barracks from 1935 to 1939. He remembered many of old Esquimalt personalities and of course was friends of my uncle, my father, and other of my friends fathers. We all learned something from George. RIP

May 28, 2017

Regarding the successful 4th Fort Macaulay Historic Interpretation event yesterday, and now that the event seems to be gaining traction and popularity, I would be remiss if I didn’t take an opportunity to credit Sherri Robinson from Esquimalt for originally suggesting the idea to create this event on Swiftsure Day. The Esquimalt Archives has been a contributing partner since then.

May 30, 2017

“Fort Macaulay Historic Interpretive Event May 27, 2017”

The 4rd annual Fort Macaulay Historic Interpretation Event took place on Saturday May 27, 2017 at Macaulay Point Park in Esquimalt from 10 am to 3 pm. In attendance were members of the Victoria - Esquimalt Military Re - Enactors Association with their encampment and displays, Esquimalt Archives, 5th (BC) Field Regiment Archives, Ashton Armories, CFB Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum, OPCMH, a “Lone Piper” from the Canadian Scottish Regiment, Toad Hollow Photography while the Esquimalt Lions provided BBQ options and refreshments. Above Buxton Green as you walked about were two refurbished WW 1 German field “trophy guns” captured at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917 and the battle of Cambrai in 1918 by the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles, a cavalry unit which formed up in Victoria in 1914. These guns are regularly on display at Memorial Park in Esquimalt. The event was held in conjunction with the Township of Esquimalt’s CANADA 150 Celebrations and included unveiling of the concept of permanent interpretive signage illustrating the fortress structures to be placed later this year. Scheduled interpretive tours of the site are also planned for later in the year provided by Jack Bates of the Organization for Preservation of Canadian Military Heritage (OPCMH) dates and times pending.

The buildings and gun emplacements were numbered and related to in a handout containing brief historical references and strategic on site photographs were in place. A backdrop of sailboats participating in the annual Swiftsure Race along with scenic views of the Straits of Juan de Fuca and the Olympic Mountains were obvious added attractions of the day. This historic Coastal Defence Fortress within the chain link fencing was designed and built in 1895 by the Royal Engineers and remains largely in-tact as it was in 1902 with some modifications done in 1923, again in 1938 in anticipation of World War II and post war defence. The original 1878 - 2.97 acre site on Macaulay Point was marked by flagging tape in strategic locations. In 1984 the fortress structures were all made safe and the park developed with trails through the joint efforts of the Township of Esquimalt and members of the Esquimalt Anglers Association.

The historic fortress area including the Point of Macaulay is leased from the DND for RECREATION and HISTORIC INTEREST purposes. Fort Macaulay was last “painted up” in 2016 and is on the Township of Esquimalt’s Community Heritage Registry including an official Statement of Significance. Lead by the Esquimalt Anglers Association, the adjoining “Buxton Green” was built in 1983 by filling in the salt water tidal swimming pool built in 1941 by the 60th Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery, stationed at Work Point Barracks and Fort Macaulay.

Jack Bates

June 5, 2017
Jack Bates - Contributor


The historic coastal defence fortress Fort Macaulay in Esquimalt was the site of the Annual Historic Interpretation Event held May 27. Built in 1895 b the Royal Engineers, the fortress remains largely in-tact as it was in 1902 with some modifications completed in 1923 and again for the Second World War. In 1985 the structures were made safe and the site developed with trails through the efforts of the Township of Esquimalt and the Esquimalt Anglers Association.

In attendance for the Interpretive Event were members of the Victoria-Esquimalt Re-Enactors Association with their encampment, costumes and displays. This added a level of realism for the public as they strolled through Macaulay Park. Adding to the information affair were members of the Esquimalt Archives, 5th (BC) Field Regiment Archives, CFB Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum, Ashton Armoury and the Organization for the Preservation of Canadian Military Heritage.

A “lone piper” from the Canadian Scottish Regiment added a musical touch. The Esquimalt Lions provided a barbeque. Above Buxton Green as people walked about were two refurbished First World War German field ”trophy guns,” one captured at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917 and the other at the Battle of Cambrai in 1918 by the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles, a cavalry unit that formed up in Victoria in 1914. These guns are regularly on display at Memorial Park in Esquimalt.

The Historic Interpretation was held in conjunction with the Township of Esquimalt’s Canada 150 celebrations and included the unveiling of the concept art for permanent interpretive signage illustrating the fortress structures to be placed in the park later this year. Scheduled interpretive tours of the site are also planned for later in the year by the Organization for Preservation of Canadian Military Heritage.

The historic fortress area, including the Point of Macaulay, is leased from the DND for recreational use and historic interest purposes. Fort Macaulay is on the Township Of Esquimalt’s Community Heritage Registry, including an official Statement of Significance.

PPCLI cadets holding conceptual permanent signage.
Photo by Toad Hollow Photography
Members of VEMRA in period dress at their encampment.
Photo by Toad Hollow Photography

June 15, 2017

I received from my good friend Dave Eastick, friends since grade 2, a Signal Corps swagger stick he retained from when we were in cadets in 1956. It is to be a cherished gift.

July 3, 2017

Regarding the McLoughlin Point Wastewater Treatment Plant construction, Work Point residences at 308 Anson, 981, 990 and 994 Vaughn St seem to be vacant. Also the historic stone house at 300 Victoria View Rd and the house at 330 Victoria view Rd appear to remain occupied. On June 22, 2017 I initiated correspondence with the CRD regarding the proposed blasting opposite the historic stone house and searchlight structures, hoping to impress upon them their significance and additional precautions to protect their value. Blasting will be greater than 8 meters in depth at that particular location across the road.

July 30, 2017


Early in 1878 the smouldering crisis in Anglo – Russian affairs came very close to erupting in a war between the two countries. Seemingly imminent, Britain was obliged to act swiftly to provide defences for coaling stations and other major ports around the world. Batteries were mounted to defend Victoria and Esquimalt, and a militia unit was raised to man the guns through the co-operative action of authorities in London, Ottawa, Victoria and Esquimalt.

Thus the first coast defence batteries were created and manned. The locations, arcs and ranges of fire with specifics of the four batteries are shown on the scaled drawing signed by Lieutenant Colonel De La Chevois T. Irwin, Royal Artillery, Inspector of Artillery for the Dominion of Canada.

Image to come: Coast Defence Batteries Victoria – Esquimalt – Irwin - 1879

He had been summoned from Kingston, Ontario under orders to organize the defences for Victoria and Esquimalt. Commencing with Finlayson Point, the work on all four batteries was completed by August 1878. The first firing was from the 7 inch RML guns at Macaulay Point on July 26, 1878 by the Victoria Battery of Garrison Artillery recently gazetted on July 20, 1878. On July 29, 1878 a 13 gun salute was fired from Macaulay Point on occasion of the opening of the 3rd Provincial Legislative assembly by a 29 man gun crew dressed in top hats and suits, as no uniforms were available at that time. Thus began the lineage of the 5th (BC) Field Regiment RCA.

Lt. Col. CF Houghton, DAG for the new Military District # 11 (British Columbia) was charged with raising volunteer artillery detachments to man the guns. The following advertisement appeared in Victoria’s Daily British Colonist on Sunday February 17, 1878:

PERSONS DESIROUS OF ENROLLING themselves as a Volunteer Artillery Corps, are urgently requested to report themselves personally to the Deputy Adjutant General of Militia at the Drill Shed, between the hours of 12 m. and 2 p.m. on Monday next the 18th instant.

The batteries consisted of:

Finlayson Point Two 64 – pounders 71 CWT RML converted on wooden carriages and slides, naval pattern and had an extreme range of 5,000 yards. A commemorative cairn marks the location of the battery.
Images to come:
4006 - Finlayson Point Battery cairn
Finlayson Point Battery – Irwin – 1879
Victoria Point One 64 – pounder RML 64 – CWT naval pattern on wooden carriage and slide, front pivoted. One 64 – pounder RML converted 71 CWT on common wood truck carriage. Both had an extreme range of 5,000 yards. A commemorative cairn marks the location of the battery.
Images to come:
1817 - Victoria Point Cairn
Victoria Point Battery – Irwin - 1879
Macaulay Point Three 7 inch RML 6 ½ - Ton on wrought iron naval carriages and slides. They had an extreme range of 5,500 yards. This site was enlarged in 1893 and houses the Fort Macaulay structures you see today within Macaulay Point Park.
Images to come:
Fort Macaulay Gun Sites Panoramic View -(Toad Hollow) - 2015
Macaulay Point Battery – 1878
Macaulay Point Battery – Irwin – 1879
Macaulay Point – C Battery – 7 inch RML Gun c 1890
Macaulay Point – Victoria Battery of garrison Artillery – 7 inch RML Gun - July 29, 1878
1868 – Macaulay Point – C Battery – c 1888
Brother’s Island One 8 inch RML 9 ton on wrought iron naval carriage and slide. Two 64 – pounder RML 64 – CWT on common wood truck carriages with an extreme range of 5,000 yards. This site was abandoned in 1893 and has no current public access. It was previously called Deadman’s Island and was a final resting place for deceased Royal Navy personnel prior to 1887.
See my history of Brother’s Island.
Images to come:
Deadman’s Island 1869 (Hastings photo)
Brother’s Island Battery – Irwin – 1879
Brother’s Island - Lang – 1887
3452 - Brother’s Island – 2016

Reminders of the past era of early cannons in the Victoria – Esquimalt area are two at the Duntze Head Saluting Base in the Dockyard retrieved from Esquimalt Harbour by Navy divers.

Image to come: 3633 – Duntze Head Saluting Battery – Esquimalt Dockyard

The two descriptive plaques read:

Smooth Bore Muzzle Loading Gun. Completed and tested at Woolwich Arsenal in 1829. Weight: 6,104 lbs. Bore Length: 8’ 11.2”. DIA 6.41” Fires a solid shot of 31 lbs to an extreme range of 1,950 yards. (cast in a single piece and bearing King George’s stamp)

64 Pounder Rifled Muzzle Loading Gun. Wrought iron steel tubed barrel. Circa 1870. Weight: 7,196 lbs. Bore Length 7’ 8.5” DIA 6.3” Fires a projectile of 64 lbs with an effective range of 2,000 yards (cast in two pieces)

Jack Bates

“Courage is rightly considered the foremost of the virtues, for upon it, all others depend.” — Winston Churchill

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